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Kallos Beauty

In our page on Ways and Symbols, we talk in general terms about the EthoPlasìn lifestyle being like producing Beauty, Kallos Beauty, mainly Human Beauty but all-comprehensive Beauty. In another page on Platonic Ethics, Aesthetics and Politics, we talk more specifically about the Particular Privilege of BeautyPraxiteles_HermesWithInfant as a concept in the Platonic World of Ideas, and the special Platonic Scale of Beauty in five levels.

Praxiteles_VenusCnidosWithInfantThe Beauty we are talking about, as Kallos, is not mainly what may first come to mind, that is the beauty of the human body with its erotic component. It is certainly also that, and eminently that, but not at all only that. Kallos Beauty is the Greek philosophy concept of Inspiring Harmony inciting the acquisition of more soul beauty, more body beauty, and the creation of more beauty in all aspects of life on the part of a person observing and enjoying existing harmony and beauty. It is very much related to the harmonious development of the "Human Tetractys" seen in our page on Pythagorean Man Emulation, that should probably be read before this one, for better comprehension of Kallos Beauty. Eros comes in only incidentally, like a precious Blue Sapphire crown, as an additional and divine gift of joy and pleasure in admiring Beauty, Kallos Beauty. Eros itself however is more globally the divine drive that pushes human beings to pursue not only this more accessible Beauty, but all the other beautiful higher archetypal values of True, Just, Good etc., along with the 4 cardinal values (see our pages Description In More Details, Science Of Being and Rule 3 and EthoPlasìn Love Life for more information on Eros).

  

Statues as Platonic Protypes of Beauty and Wellness

Kallos is related to 'Light' as a starting point, and to 'Good' as an end point. Light leads to Kallos Beauty and Kallos Beauty leads to Good. The beautiful classical sculptures of Greek statues for example, exposed in the pure light of the Greek sky, were certainly created on the push of that kind of divine erotic and creative drive as, when exposed to light today, they can still inspire Kallos Beauty harmony, even thousands of years after their production. A sculptured Budsstatue however was first and foremost the representation of the ideal value of an Archetype. Archetypes are absolute values of beauty and perfection, the top one of which is 'Good', from which all objects or beings in our world take form, taking that form from an immobile model, the archetype, immobile like a marble statue, guiding the imperfect mobile forms derived from it in our illusionary reality. In the Ancient Greek world, a sculpture was not mainly a decorative element, like it became the case unfortunately in the Latin world that partly absorbed the Greek culture. Having, and looking at, a beautiful statue and admiring it, for an Ancient Greek, was thus mainly and appeal to an ideal, the desire to improve oneself, orient one's life on the parameters of beauty and perfection of the archetype represented by the sculpture, as an appeal to the ultimate Good. It was consequently not mainly a decorative element, but a soul resourcing symbol, and archetypal force, to be used in the pursuit of beauty, perfection and the ultimate Good. Ancient Greeks had a very special word to express this function: "Agâlloma" or "Agallîasis", meaning "Therapy of the soul through communication with the beautiful archetype of a sculpture". "Âgalma" was, and still is, the Greek word for "sculpture" and "Agallîomai" is the verb for "getting better". The human body, representing the Micro-Cosmos (man's realm), being the most perfect known result of the evolution of the material world, was thus the best image and representation of the Beauty of the Macro-Cosmos (God's realm), and was admired as such. This explains the quantity and the quality of their sculptures. The same basic kind of principle, albeit at a relatively lower level, applied to the sculptures of animals and objects. They were an appeal to the beauty and immutability of the symbols (archetypes) they represented, like a lion representing the concept of "force", or an appeal to the perfection of their archetypes, more than the simple representation of the object or animal being carved in stone. All sculptures were symbols of the beauty, perfection and immutability of the archetypes of the Platonic World of Ideas, giving form to all mobile, and thus imperfect, beings in this world. 

Kallos Beauty should be expressed in everything members do or create, be it in wearing harmoniously matched Phidias_Athena_Parthenonpieces of clothing, creating a beautiful work of art, preparing an equilibrated meal, expressing a music composition etc. All that is worth doing, is worth doing with Beauty. This principle is part of all aspects of the holistic education provided by the Academy: Education to Beauty. In fact, as said in our home page, the one objective of  the EthoPlasìn, defined as "Better Decorum, More Merit and Planet Oneness Responsibility" is essentially one of Beauty, Kallos Beauty, Education to Beauty, more Beauty in all aspects of life, and forms the Logo of what the Academy calls its

Pythagorean World Wellness Mission

HandsHoldingEarth

Beauty however has rules and these rules have to be learnt. They eminently relate for example to the Golden Number discovered by the Greek philosopher and mathematician, Pythagoras. This is why this number is usually represented by the Greek letter 'Phi', or Φ, after Phidias, the Greek sculptor who used it in the proportionsGoldenNumber of his famously beautiful sculptures (Like the Athena Parthenon shown on the left, in both the proportions of the statue itself and the proportions of the two levels of columns). This Golden Number defines a harmony of proportions that provokes spontaneous awe, that is an ability to inspire reverence and admiration in front of what has been done or created, and a desire to create more beauty on the part of the observer. Euclid studied these proportions extensively in geometry. The Acropolis and the Parthenon reflect these golden proportions. The text areas of the beautiful medieval manuscripts were all defined according to the golden number. The greatest artists, like Leonardo Da Vinci, were all expert users of the Praxiteles_ApolloPhiGolden Proportions in expressing Beauty. Nature itself, of all kingdoms, is a constant expression of the Golden Proportions found in all places, from seeds, to sea shells and galaxies. Modern physics has even found a correlation of the same 1.61 proportion in the Planck Length, defining the 'Infinite Small Length'  found (so far) at the sub-atomic level: about 1.61 × 10-33 centimeters. In turn, at the level of the  'Infinite Big Length', if we use 'x' as the length of the universe, we find the same kind of golden number again in the 'x' factor multiplied by 1061 Planck lengths. In our own little way we have even given the rectangle of the "EΠA" logo, at the top of each of our pages, the proportions of the Golden Number.

The issue of the Golden Proportions is only one example showing that rules do exist in expressing Beauty and that they are founded in the essence of Nature itself, at aSwanReflectionll levels of the CoPHLE world. This example also serves to show the universality and importance of these rules that have to be learnt and respected by those who want to make this world, as much as possible, the most beautiful place there is to live in. 

There are many other examples of this Beauty founded in objective criteria at all levels of Nature itself as opposed to on superficial subjective elements of passing fashions. Music Harmonics is another good example. The Human Tetractys is yet another one. All these levels and kinds of Beauty, if studied correctly, can then be used creatively through means like "Holographic Molding", for the benefit of all living beings and all civic environments. See our pages on Science Of Being and on the Pythagorean Man Emulation for more information on this subject. In fact we expand specifically on this subject in our page on Science Of Being, when talking about Music Harmonics, and our page on the Pythagorean Ways, when dealing with the subject of the Harmonics of the Quadrivium.

This long cultural tradition of using proper criteria, rules and techniques for creating or expressing Beauty, originating from Ancient Greece, should be revived and made part of all educational systems. It is totally ignored by practically all schools around the world at the moment. It is certainly and eminently at the heart of the cultural environment of the Academy in all aspects of the holistic formation provided to all its members through the development of the Human Tetractys of the Pythagorean Man Emulation, on the basis of best Platonic Ethics, Aesthetics and Politics

Kallos Beauty is also a very Positive Force of its own. In front of human beings expressing real Kallos Beauty, we usually cannot express negative feelings, like hate, or aggressiveness, but rather only admiration, a desire to promote these individuals, enjoy and possibly acquire some of their traits, and be associated to their success. Expressing Kallos Beauty is often based on, and favored by, given natural attributes, and these gifts can help their owners, but it can also be learnt and acquired by all who live a harmonious life, let alone possibly an ethically virtuous one, like the life style EthoPlasìn members are trained in, with their discipline and holistic formation. Kallos Beauty usually provokes the natural reaction one has in front of a beautiful flower grown in the middle of an ugly place. Flowers do not usually have enemies. One does not hateNoticeableDifference flowers nor make war to them. This is why members are educated to Kallos Beauty and expected to express Kallos Beauty the best they can. This is the concept of the 'Noticeable Difference' expressed in our page on the Basic Entry Rules of Membership. The more human flowers grow in our society, through proper education and holistic formation, the more our world will be incited to be, or become more and more, a harmonious one and a pleasant place to live in from a civic point of view.

Kallos Beauty has also led to the coining of a new word, to describe the form of mild sexual appeal that is often related to Beauty, called Kallosexuality, as explained in our page on Rule 3 and the EthoPlasìn Love Life.

The Greek "Phi" (Φ) however, much before it was used as a symbol of Beauty of proportions related to the Golden Number, was, in Greek "Phi"-losophy, a much older symbol of Loving Justice, both in terms of personal and social justice, but a kind of meritocratic Justice, giving lovingly to everyone a fair lot in life on the basis of their own merit, that is giving them their best possible Good in their present earthly life. It is thus a dually important symbol for  the EthoPlasìn Academy that is pursuing objectives of social beauty and justice through the advent of more MeritoCracy, and hopefully an eventual new EthoCracy system of governments for our modern world. This is why it appears on the private Academy's symbol (at the top of the page), on the left side of the roof level. The Greek "Thu" (Θ) appearing on the opposite right side of the roof, to balance with the "Phi" on the left side, was, and is, a symbol of the beauty of Ethics which are at the base of the holistic formation provided by the Academy. The Φ and the Θ are thus the representation of two attracting forces leading our society to its best possible 'Good' in this earthly life.